MAKO robotic knee replacement surgery is a significant medical procedure wherein a malfunctioning knee joint is surgically removed and replaced with an artificial one.
This form of surgery is usually recommended for individuals whose severe joint pain or stiffness has not been relieved with non-surgical interventions.
If you have been experiencing knee pain or are unable to find permanent relief, you may consider booking a consultation with Mr Andrew Gong, a knee replacement surgery specialist based in Melbourne and surrounds.
What is MAKO Robotic Knee Replacement?
A MAKO robotic knee joint replacement surgery utilises the latest in computer-assisted technology to generate a 3D model of the knee from a CT scan, allowing the surgeon to pre-plan with knowledge of the patient’s unique anatomy and execution of the procedure with precision and accuracy.
During the surgery, a robotic arm holding a powered saw is controlled by the surgeon to make precise bone cuts and ensure optimal alignment and placement of the implant.
Symptoms a Robot MAKO Knee Replacement May Be Necessary
Some symptoms that may indicate that MAKO robotic knee replacement surgery may be necessary include:
- Severe chronic knee pain or stiffness resulting from: noninflammatory degenerative joint disease (including osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis, or avascular necrosis), rheumatoid arthritis or post-traumatic arthritis
- Significant knee instability
- Severe knee deformity
- Chronic knee inflammation
- Difficulty with mobility or balance due to knee pain
- Those who have not experienced adequate relief with conservative treatment options, like bracing, medication or joint fluid supplements
Benefits of Having MAKO Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery
There are numerous benefits to having MAKO robotic knee replacement surgery, they include:
- Improved precision and accuracy: The robotic technology allows for increased accuracy when performing knee replacement surgery. This can lead to a better fit of the implant and improved long-term outcomes.
- Reduced trauma and recovery time: The robotic technology enables the surgeon to create a customized plan for each patient, which reduces trauma to the surrounding tissues during surgery. This can lead to quicker recovery and a more comfortable post-operative experience.
- Increased stability: The MAKO robotic system gives the surgeon greater control over the positioning of the implant, leading to better stability and a more natural range of motion.
- Reduced risk of complications: The increased accuracy of the robotic system helps to reduce the risk of complications during and after surgery, such as infection, blood clots, and joint instability.
MAKO Robotic Knee Surgery Risks to Consider
Although uncommon, even minimally invasive procedure carries risks, that should be considered, which include:
- Risk of infection: Like any other surgery, there is a risk of infection with a Mako robotic knee replacement surgery.
- Risk of implant failure: If the implant is not properly placed in the knee joint, it can cause instability and lead to implant failure.
- Knee pain: Even after the surgery, some patients may continue to experience knee pain due to the surgery.
- Blood clots: Blood clots can form after surgery, which can lead to serious complications if not addressed promptly.
- Nerve damage: Damage to the nerves in the area of the surgery can result in numbness, tingling, and/or weakness.
- Allergic reactions: Some patients may experience an allergic reaction to the materials used in the implants.
How a MAKO Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery is Performed
MAKO robotic knee replacement surgery uses a robotic arm and 3D imaging technology to improve accuracy and precision when replacing the knee joint. A preoperative CT scan will need to be done a few weeks before surgery. This allows for planning. A surgeon will make an incision in the knee joint during the surgery and there will be 2 additional groups of incisions for the arrays that talk to the robot.
The robotic arm uses software that helps the surgeon accurately remove damaged areas of the joint and accurately place the new implants, allowing for a customized fit. The surgery may also allow for a more natural feeling of the knee joint and reduces the risk of postoperative complications.
Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery Post-Operative Recovery
Following a robot-assisted knee replacement surgery, the recovery period typically lasts 6-8 weeks. To ensure the best possible outcome, it is important to heed the instructions of the surgeon and physical therapist.
Initially, patients may need to use crutches for a period of time and wear a bandage or compression stocking to reduce swelling and provide support. A physical therapist may provide exercises to be done at home in order to strengthen and stabilise the knee.
Cost of MAKO Robotic knee replacement
Mr Andrew Gong and our team will determine the cost of a MAKO robotic knee replacement surgery at any of our Melbourne clinics once he has conducted a comprehensive evaluation, which may include blood tests, X-rays or ct scans.
Upon completion of the assessment, he will provide a detailed quote that will include the pricing for the surgery, the hospital stay and the anaesthetist.
We will also inform you if any rebates are available from Medicare or any other health insurance.
How can Mr Andrew Gong help
with your MAKO robotic knee replacement?
Mr Andrew Gong is a highly experienced orthopaedic surgeon who has achieved notable success in the use of state-of-the-art technology and techniques for robotic knee replacement and reconstruction surgeries. He holds fellowships in a variety of knee-related procedures.
Frequently Asked Questions
At this stage, robotic knee replacements have only been done for a few years. However, it is known that inaccuracy in cuts and implant placement is one of the biggest issues for performance and longevity. Robotic knees have been proven to be significantly more accurate than conventional instrumentation.
MAKO knee replacement has been found to be a successful option for many patients, but it is important to discuss the benefits and risks of both traditional and MAKO knee replacement with a doctor to determine which type is the best choice for a particular patient.
MAKO is considered a safe knee replacement option. Mako Total Knee System is an advanced robotic-arm-assisted technology that enables surgeons to customise joint replacement surgery to the unique anatomy of each patient. Clinical studies have shown that Mako Total Knee System is a safe and effective option for treating knee pain caused by degenerative joint disease.
MAKO Partial Knee Arthroplasty (PKA) is considered a safe and effective option for partial knee replacement surgery. It is minimally invasive, requiring a smaller incision and less disruption of the surrounding muscles and tissues than traditional knee replacement surgery.
The robotic partial knee replacement technology used in MAKO PKR allows for a more precise implant placement, which may improve patient outcomes. The latest results indicate that the revision rates are low for the MAKO PKA.