What are knee conditions?
Knee conditions refer to any medical condition that affects the knee joint (the largest joint in the body) and its associated structures, such as the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, bursae, and cartilage. Common knee conditions include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, ligament sprains and tears, and patellar dislocation. In addition, some people may be born with knee conditions, such as a patellar subluxation or kneecap dislocation.
Knee pain can be caused by injury to major
ligaments such as the ACL, MCL, and PCL.
Prevent knee pain by keeping your knees healthy and pain-free by maintaining strong, healthy hyaline cartilage, and consciously preventing injuries with healthy knee movement.
Causes of knee pain & knee conditions
There are several reasons a person may be suffering from knee pain, which include:
Knee injuries such as:
- ACL tears: is a common type of knee injury. It involves a tear in the anterior cruciate ligament, which is the main stabilising ligament in the knee. Pain is usually felt when the knee is moved in certain directions, such as when pivoting.
- Fractures: Fractures of the knee can cause pain, swelling, and bruising in the affected area. Some common types of fractures include patellar fractures, tibial plateau fractures, and femoral condyle fractures. All of these types of fractures can cause knee pain, as they involve the bones of the knee joint.
- Torn meniscus: Meniscal tears occur when the knee cartilage wears out, is damaged or is torn. Pain is usually felt when the knee is moved, and it may also be accompanied by swelling and a feeling of instability.
- Knee bursitis: Knee bursitis is caused by inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that cushions the knee joint. Symptoms of knee bursitis include pain and swelling around the knee joint. The pain can be especially noticeable when the knee is moved or when pressure is applied to the affected area.
- Patellar tendinitis: This is caused by a repetitive strain on the tendon that connects the kneecap to the shinbone. Pain is usually felt when the knee is bent or extended.
- Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: (PFPS) is a condition characterised by pain in the patellofemoral joint, which is the complex joint between the patella (kneecap) and the end of the femur (thigh bone). The patella sits in front of the knee joint, where the thigh bone (femur) meets the shin bone (tibia). It can be prevalent in athletes and young adults whose patella does not move along its appropriate groove.
Mechanical issues such as:
Loose Body: A loose body is a small piece of bone, cartilage, or tissue that can move around in the joint and cause irritation and knee pain.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome: Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the iliotibial band, which is a band of tissue that runs along the outside of your thigh. This can cause knee pain and discomfort.
Dislocated Knee Cap: A dislocated knee cap is when the kneecap moves out of its normal position, causing pain and instability in the knee joint.
Hip or Foot Pain: Hip or foot pain can be caused by an imbalance in the muscles and tendons around the knee joint, which can lead to pain in the knee joint.
Types of Knee Arthritis
Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can cause pain and stiffness in the knees. It is caused by the breakdown of joint cartilage in the knees, resulting in pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the joint.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that can cause pain and swelling in the knees. It is caused by inflammation in the joint that leads to erosion of joint cartilage and damage to the surrounding tissue.
Gout: Gout is a type of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid in the joints. It can cause pain, redness, and swelling in the knees and other joints, as well as a burning sensation.
Types of knee
Mr Andrew Gong is able to assist in the treatment of knee pain as follows:
ACL Reconstruction is a surgical procedure that replaces a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee with a new ligament. This is often recommended for athletes or active individuals who are experiencing pain, instability, and difficulty with activities due to their torn ACL.
Knee Scope is a minimally invasive procedure where a small camera is used to look inside the knee joint to diagnose and treat certain knee problems. This procedure can be used to diagnose and treat conditions such as torn cartilage, torn ligaments, and loose bodies.
Don’t let joint surface knee pain get you down, enjoy pain-free
movement – take control of your knee health!
Total Knee Replacement is a major surgery that involves replacing a severely damaged knee with an artificial joint. It can be used to relieve pain, restore function, and improve the quality of life in those suffering from severe knee pain and disability.
Revision Total Knee Replacement is a procedure used to replace a previously replaced knee joint. This can be due to the failure of the original knee joint, loosening of the implant, or infection. It is a more complicated procedure than a primary total knee replacement and is typically only recommended if the original surgery was unsuccessful.
How much does knee treatment cost
The cost of knee treatments at any of our Melbourne clinics will depend on which particular knee treatment has been recommended for your individual knee condition. After a thorough assessment which may include X-rays or scans, a detailed quotation will be supplied.
This quotation will include pricing of the treatment and a surgical procedure if required. It will include pricing for the hospital stay and the anesthetist. We will also advise if any rebates apply for Medicare or any other health insurance.
How can Mr Andrew Gong can
help with your knee condition
Mr Andrew Gong is an experienced orthopaedic surgeon who is fellowship trained in knee joint reconstruction. He specialises in the management of conditions involving trauma, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, and complex reconstructive procedures of the shoulder, hip, and knee.
He is experienced in the use of cutting-edge technology and techniques, including minimally invasive and robotic-assisted surgery.
He is also available to provide comprehensive medical care, including diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, to patients to return them to their active lifestyles. He is committed to providing the highest quality of care and strives to exceed each of his patient’s expectations.
- RichmondThe Epworth Centre,
Suite 7.5, 32 Erin street
Richmond VIC 3121, Australia
- Box HillEpworth Eastern, East Wing Tower
Level 14, Suite 14.3
25 Nelson Road, Box Hill VIC 3128
- HealesvilleGet Well Clinic
408 Maroondah Hwy
Healesville VIC 3777, Australia
Frequently Asked Questions
The best therapy for knee pain depends on the cause of the pain. Options for treatment may include physical therapy, medications, injections, or surgery. It is important to discuss your symptoms and treatment options with a doctor to determine the best course of action.
Knee surgery can be beneficial for reducing pain, increasing range of motion, and improving function, but the risks associated with any surgery should be taken into consideration. It is best to speak with a medical professional to determine if knee surgery is the best option for you.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat articular cartilage damage. This causes the cartilage to become rougher, which causes pain, for example, within the knee. The most common surgical procedure for this is called knee arthroscopy, which involves using a tiny camera and instruments to remove damaged tissue, repair the area and create a smooth articular surface.
One of the most common knee disorders is osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative joint disorder caused by wear and tear of the cartilage that cushions the joints.
To help prevent a knee joint injury, it may help to stretch before and after physical activity, wear supportive shoes, and use proper technique when exercising. It is also important to avoid overuse, such as repetitive motions or activities that put too much strain on the knee.